Understanding the 5 components of Physical Fitness in Detail

Frequently asked Question

There are a number of reasons, both short-term and long-term, to engage in physical activity. In the short term, physical activity can help reduce feelings of depression and anxiety, control weight, and promote psychological well-being. In the long term, physically active people have a lower risk of dying prematurely and of developing diseases like heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, and colon cancer. It also helps to build healthy bones, muscles, and joints to prevent injuries.
The Surgeon General recommends 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise on most, or all, days of the week. Moderate-intensity exercise includes walking 2 miles in 30 minutes, running 1.5 miles in 15 minutes, bicycling 5 miles in 30 minutes, or playing basketball for 15-20 minutes. This is just for health, though. If you have other goals, you may need a different plan.
While running is one way to become more fit, it is not the only way. Any movement that gets your heart rate up and makes you breathe harder will increase your fitness level. Some suggestions include dancing, swimming, biking, or rowing. The most important thing is to choose something you like and stick with it.
If you're healthy you can improve your cardiovascular fitness by staying in a heart rate zone of 55-90% of your maximum heart rate. Your maximum heart rate can be estimated by subtracting your age from 220. Depending on your current fitness level, choose a target heart rate that is comfortable for you.